Indian Economy Courseware

Course Curriculum

India's Economic Development
1. India as a Developing Economy
2. Understanding India’s economic transition
3. What is Economic Development and Economic Growth
4. What is Structural Change?
5. Traditional and New approaches to Development
6. Importance of non-economic factors
7. Classification of countries in terms of development
8. Features of Indian Economy as a developing economy
9. Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach
10. Indicators of Development
10. 1. GDP and Per Capita Income
10.2 PQLI
10. 3. Human Development Index
10.4 Multidimensional Poverty Index
10.5 Human Poverty Index (HPI)
10.6 Inequality Adjusted HDI
National Income
1. India in the global economy
2. China, India and the rise of Asia
3. India and the Middle-Income Trap
4. Sectoral trends in India’s national income and employment
5. Features of India’s economic growth and development
6. What is structural retrogression in Indian economy?
7. Structural changes and the role of Industrial and services sectors – the conditions for change
8. New GDP Measurement-Changes made by the CSO
9. Purchasing Power Parity
Population
1. India – Population scenario
2. Population and economic development
3. Main features of India’s Population
3.1 Population-absolute size
3.2 Age structure
3.3 Population growth trends
3.4 Sex ratio
3.5 Regional demographic trends
3.6 Urbanization – picking up momentum
4. Total Fertility Rate – trends
5. India’s Demographic Transition
6. Ageing population and the problem for India
Demographic Dividend
1. Defining demographic dividend
2. India’s Demographic Dividend Profile
3. Entry into the demogrpahic dividend phase
4. India’s demographic dividend phase is unique
5. Reaslisation of demographic dividend need policy actions
6. Measures taken by the government to reap the benefits of demographic dividend
Nuts: Can India become rich before it gets old
Skill Development
1. Skill Development as part of national development strategy
2. Skill profile of India’s labour force
3. Skill development challenges
4. Launch of Skill Development Initiatives
4.1 National Skill Development Mission
4.2 National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015
4.3 National Skill Development Agency and NSDC
4.4 Sector Skills Councils
4.5 National Skill Qualifications Framework and LMIS
4.6 Private sector participation in skill development
4.7 Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
4.8 Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
5. Vocational Education and Skill Training
5.1 National Vocational Education Qualification Framework
6. Apprenticeship
7. Conclusion
Startup in India
1. Starup Revolution
2. Startup as celebration of entrepreneurship
3. What is startup ecosystem
4. Global startup ecosystems
5. Startup Revolution in India
6. Eligibility for startups: the Startup Policy
7. Initiatives for startup
8. Startup India and the Startup Action Plan
9. Startup Ecosystem in India
10. Startup incubators and seed accelerators
11. Angel Investment Funds
12. Venture Capital Funds
13. Crowdfunding
14. Atal Innovation Mission
15. Andrews Hargadon – Valley of Death
16. SEBI’s regulations for funding of startups
Digital Economy
1. The Rise of Digital Economy
2. Digial Economy – Components
3. India as a digital economy – potentials and challenges
4. Policies needed to use the potentials of Digital Economy
5. Measures to stimulate digital economy
6. Digital India
7. The problem of connectivity
8. National broadband policy 2004
9. BharatNet
10. Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)
11. What is Technological Unemployment
RBI Origin and Structure
1. Evolution of Central Banking
2. RBI – establishment
3. RBI’s Governance – the Central Board of Directors
4. Offices of the RBI
5. Subsidiaries of the RBI
Currency Management
1. Minimum Reserve System
2. Currency Printing, Design
3. What is Reserve Money
4. Monetary Aggregates
5. Currency ChestsI
6. Clean Note Policy
7. Legal tender status and demonetisation
8. Procedure for Demonetisation
RBI Functions
2. Monetary Policy
3 Financial Regulation and Supervision
4. Banker to the Banks
4.1 Lender of Last Resort
5. Banker to the Government
6. Management of foreign exchange reserves and regulation of the foreign exchange market
7. Payment and Settlement System
8. Currency Management
9. Development Functions
10. Research and Statistics
Monetary Policy -introduction
1. Understanding Monetary policy
2. Monetary Policy -Scope
3. Objectives, instruments and targets of monetary policy
4. Monetary policy transmission mechanism
Objectives of Monetary Policy
1. Objectives of Monetary Policy
2. Price stability
2.1 Annual inflation targets under monetary policy
3. Financial Stability
4. Provision of adequate credit to different sectors of the economy to support economic growth
5. Conflict between different objectives of monetary policy
6. The conduct of monetary policy in this integrated world
Instruments of Monetary Policy
2. Direct Instruments
3. Cash Reserve Ratio
4. SLR
5. Refinance Facililties
6. Indirect instrument of momentary policy
7. Repo rate
8. Liquidity Adjustment Facility
9. Market Stabilization scheme
10. Open Market Operations
11. Marginal Standing Facility (MSF)
12. Bank Rate
13. Term Repo under Liquidity Adjustment Facility
15. Significance of the corridor in monetary policy operations
Inflation Targeting
1. Monetary policy framework
2. Inflation targeting in India
3. Features of Inflation targeting in India
4. Monetary Policy Committee
5. What are the desirable features of inflation targeting ew
6. Evolution of Monetary Policy Framework
7. Suitability of inflation targeting in India
Liquidity Framework
1. New Liquidity Framework by the RBI
2. Liquidity First
3. The failure of Northern Rock
4. Systemic liquidity
5. RBI and Liquidity Management
6. Call Money Market
7. Call money market and systemic liquidity
8. Collateralized Borrowing and Lending Obligation
Cashless Economy
1. What is cashless economy
2. Benefits of digital payments
3. RBI Vision for Cashless Economy
4. Efforts for cashless economy in India
6. RBI as the promoter of the Cashless Economy
7. Progress of cashless economy in India
8. Payment and Settlement System Act 2007
9. NEFT and RTGS
10. Prepaid Payment Instruments – types
10.1 Eligibility to issue Prepaid Payment Instruments
11. Electronic money
11.1 Why bitcoin is not electronic money
12. Implications of electronic money on central bank
13. How electronic money can substitute central bank money
14. Central banks and e money
15. Peer to peer lending
16. Cashless Economy Ecosystem in India
16.1 BHIM
16.2 UPI
16.3 National Automated Clearing House
16.4 MPIN and IIN
17. Budget 2017 support to manufacturing of digital payment instruments
Inflation
1. What is inflation
2. What causes inflation
3. How far inflation is tolerable
4. Types of Inflation
5. Effects of Inflation
5.1 Effects of inflation on different groups
5.2 Inflation as a tax on the saving people
5.3 Price spiraling effect of inflation
6.1 Consumer Price Indices- types and importance
7. Consumer Price Index -CSO
7.1 Grouping of Consumption items under CPI
8. Consumer Price Indices prepared by Labour Bureau
9. The Wholesale Price Index
9.1 WPI Commodity Groups
10. Difference between WPI and CPI
11. Headline and core inflation
11.1 Utility of the two measurements
11.2 Defects of core inflation as an inflation guide
12. Food Inflation in India
12.1. Protein inflation
12.2. Reasons for food inflation
12.3. Measurement food inflation
12.4. Food inflation and its impact on overall inflation in the economy
13. Inflation forecasting and inflation expectations
13.1. RBI’s inflaiton expectations survey
14. The nature and causes of inflation in India
15. Global inflation and transmission of global inflation into India
16. Control of Inflation in India
16.1 Demand Management
16.2 Supply Management
16.3 Some problems for the RBI
16.4 Measures to contain inflation
Banking Sector
1. Banking Sector – introduction
2. The banking sector and its role in development
3. Recent transformation in the banking sector
4. 0. Evolution of commercial Banking in India
4. 1. Phase I
4. 2. Phase II
4. 3. Phase III
4.3.1. Banking Sector Crisis
4.4. Phase IV
4.4. 1. The Narasimham Committee on Financial Sector
4.4. 2. Narasimham Committee II – Banking Sector Reforms (CFSR 1998)
4.4.3. Banking Sector Reforms
4.4.4. Impacts of Banking Sector Reforms
4.5. Phase V:  Post crisis reforms in the banking sector (2007 onwards)
5. Banking Structure in India
6. Changing structure of the banking sector
7. Bank networks and branch expansion
8. On tap licensing- Bank licensing in the post reform era
9. Public Sector Banks – Importance
9.1. Policy on Government shareholding in PSBs
10. Regional Rural Banks
10.1 Importance of RRBs
10.2 Recapitalization and amalgamation of RRBs
10.3 RRBs Amendment Act 2015
11. RBI Subsidiarisation Approach for Foreign Banks
12. New Priority Sector Lending Norms
12.1 Priority Sector Lending Certificates scheme
Asset Quality Problems in the Banking Sector
1. Problems of Indian banking system
1. 1. NPA scenario in the banking sector
1. 2. Problems of Public Sector Banks
1. 3. Initiatives for strengthening of PSBs
1. 4. Nayak Commitee – Reform measures for PSBs
1. 5. Indradhanush and other reform measures for PSBs
1. 6. Recapitalisation of Public Sector Banks
1. 7. Recapitalisation Bonds
2. NPA and other asset classifications
2.1. Stressed assets
2.2 Restructured loans
2.3. What is written off assets
3. Measures taken by the RBI and government to tackle the deteriorating asset quality of banks
3.1. Provisioning and Provisioning Coverage Ratio
3.2 Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill
3.2 Strategic Debt Restructuring
3.3 S 4 A
3.4 Wilful defaulter and procedures against wilful default
3.6. Special Mention Accounts
3.7 Joint Lenders Forum
3.8 CRILC
3.9. Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs)
3.10 Prompt Corrective Action Framework
3.11 SARFAESI Act 2002
3.12. Debt Recovery Tribunals
Financial Regulation
1. Financial Regulation in India
2. Financial Stability and Development Council
3. RBI Financial Regulation and Supervision
3. 1. Board for Financial Supervision
3. 2 . CAMELS – Banking supervision procedure
4. Capital to Risky Asset Ratio
4.1 Capital Adequacy through CRAR
4.2 Tier I and Tier 2 capital
4.3 Financial safety net and the moral hazard problem
6. Basel III Advanced Capital Standards
6.1 Features of Basel III norms
6.2 Basel III in India – preparation by the RBI
6.3 Counter-Cyclical Capital Buffer: Concept and Working
6.4 Systemically important financial institutions
7. Financial sector regulation in the post crisis world
7.1 Moral Hazard, TBTF and financial regulation in the post reform period
7.2 Institutions which collaborate on global financial stability
7.3 Role of G20 in designing new regulation and supervision standards
7.4 Ring-Fencing
7.5 RBI’s efforts for post crisis regulation
7.6 Resolution regime
8. Interest rate reforms – Base Rate
8.1 MCLR norm
8.2 Interest rate on Small Savings Schemes
8.3 Reform in savings bank account rate
Differentiated Banking
1. Differentiated Banks
2. Differentiated bank licensing policy
3. The road to differentiated banking
4. How differentiated banks differ from the universal banks
5. Challenges of designing the differentiated banking structure
6. Payment banks
6.1. Payment Banks – Scope of activities
6.2. Payment Banks – Deployment of Funds
7. Small Finance Banks
Financial Inclusion
1. Financial Inclusion as national movement
1. 1. What is financial inclusion
2. Extent of financial exclusion in India
3. Barriers to financial inclusion
4. FI – early phase
5. Financial inclusion drive in recent period and its strategy
6. Financial Inclusion Initiatives
6. 1. What is Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account
6. 2. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
6. 3. What is e KYC
6. 4. What is National Mission on Financial Inclusion
6. 5. Business Correspondents Model
6. 6. What is Financial Inclusion Plan
6. 7. Bank Self- Help Linkage Programme
6. 8. Business Correspondents Model
6. 9. Branch and Branchless banking
6. 11. Technology based inclusion – Efforts of NPCI
6. 11. Technology driven financial inclusion
6. 12. What is Know Your Customer Norm
6. 13. BSBDA and KYC bindings
6. 14. CRISIL Inclusix
6. 15. Microfinance in India
6. 16. Problems constraining BC operations
6. 18. What is financial literacy
6. 18. RBI efforts for financial inclusion
6. 19. Simplified KYC norms
6. 20. Differentiated banking licensing policy
6. 21. Financial literacy as an integrated part of financial inclusion
7. Mor Committee
NBFCs
1. Emergence of NBFCs
2. Definion of NBFCs
2.1 Shadow banking
3. Difference between Banks and NBFCs
3.1 Where are NBFCs engaged
3.2 Why NBFCs are important
4. Difference between NBFI and NBFC
4.1 Registration of NBFCs
5. Classification or Strcuture of NBFIs
5.1 Classification of NBFCs – Activity based Classification
5.2 Specialized NBFCs
5.3 Deposit taking and Non-Deposit taking NBFCs
5.3.1. Regulation relating to acceptance of deposits by NBFCs
5.4 Systemically important NBFCs
5.5 What is a core investment company
5.6 NBFC – MFIs
5.7. Infrastructure Debt Funds NBFCs
5.8 Residuary NBFCs
5.9 NBFC Account Aggregator
5.9.1. What is Peer to Peer Lending NBFC
6. Role of NBFCs 1
6.1 Role of NBFCs 2
7. Regulation of NBFI Sector
7.1 Convergence of regulatory standards between NBFCs and banks
7.2 Nachiket Mor Committee on NBFCs
8. Ponzi Schemes, illegal fund mobilisations- counter measures in India
Balance of Payments
1. Features of India’s Balance of Payments- 2017-18
2. Recent trends in India’s BoP (2017-18)
3. Connection between balance of payments and the value of Rupee
4. Foreign exchange market in India
5. Exchange rate systems and exchange rate movements
6. Why excessive depreciation is counterproductive
7. Depreciation and Appreciation; Devaluation and Revaluation
8. RBI and the exchange rate policy
9. Understanding exchange rate movements and their implications
10. Foreign Exchange Reserves of India
11. Adequacy of foreign exchange reserves
12. Liberalized Remittance Scheme
13. Factors which influences the value of Rupee
14. What is Currency War
15. NEER and REER
16. NEER and REER estimation in India
Capital Account Convertibility
1. What is Currency Convertibility
2. Meaning of Capital Account Convertibility
3. Rational for capital account convertibility in India
4. Objectives of CAC
5. Capital account convertibility as a gateway to financial globalisation
6. Status of Convertibility in India
7. Costs and Benefits of CAC
8. Measures that shall be taken before introducing capital account convertibility
9. Capital Account Liberalisation in India
10. Steps taken by the government and the RBI to liberalise the capital account
11. Sudden Stop
12. Participatory Notes
14. Foreign Portfolio Investors and Foreign Institutional Investors
15. New FPI regulations
15.1 FPI Classification in terms of risk profile
16. Major forms of capital flows
16.1 FDI and FPI
16.2 ECBs, FCCBs, RDBs and DRs
16.3. Depository Receipts
17. FDI vs FPI why FDI is more preferable
18. Capital flows – why the composition matters
18.1 Debt flow and non
19. External Commercial Borrowings – features and advantages
19.1 ECB Policy and the regulation of ECBs
20. Rupee Denominated Bonds or Masala Bonds
20.1 RBI’s Policy on Rupee Denominated Bonds
21. The costs and benefits of foreign capital for India
22. Capital flows and the management problem for the RBI
23. India’s approach towards foreign capital
24. Capital controls
24.1 Tobin Tax
25. RBI measures to counter the capital mobility related risks
FDI Policy
1. What is Foreign Direct Investment
2. Evolution of FDI Policy
2. 1. FDI and the investment group
2. 2. Instruments that qualify as FDI
2. 3. Components of FDI
3. Regulatory framework for FDI
3. 1. Entry routes for investments in India
3. 2. Minimum lock in Period
3. 3. FDI limits and sector specific regulations
3. 4. Composite Foreign Investment Cap
4. Consolidated FDI Policy
4. 1. Calculation of foreign investment
5. FDI Regime – Regulatory structure
5. 1. Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion
5. 2. RBI and FEMA
5. 3. FDI Prohibited Sectors
6. Recent FDI Policy reforms
6. 1. Liberalizing FDI ceilings in key sector1
6. 2. The FDI Defence Sector increased up to 100
6. 3. FDI in ecommerce
6. 4. FDI in Pharmaceutical Sector
6. 5. FDI in Food Product Industry Trading
6. 6. Aviaion Sector
6. 7. FDI Policy on Trading in India
6. 8. Making FDI mostly through automatic route and abolition of FIPB
External Debt
1. India’s External Debt
2. Trends in key debt indicators
3. Main features of India’s External Debt
3.1 Composition of External Debt – high share of ECBs and NRI Deposits
3.2 Rising Short debt and declining concessional debt
3.3 Currency composition of external debt
4. Debt Service Payments
5. Cross country comparison
6. Debt Management – Government and RBI approach
7. Essential components of prudential debt management strategy
8. Sustainability of India’s external debt
Trade Policy 2017
1. Trade Policy – Evolution
2. Trade liberalization of 1980
3. Import Liberalization during the 1990s
4. Design of EXIM Policies
5. A review of trade policy initiatives since 1991
5.1 Import liberalisation measures
5.2 Export Promotion Measures
5.2.1. Setting up of Export Infrastructure
5.2.2. Export promotion through Incentives
5.2.3. Diversification of export basket through focusing on different sectors
5.2.4. Service Export Promotion
5.2.5. Focus on different regions
5.2.6. Unshackling of red
6. New Trade Policy 2015
6.1 NTP 2015 – Merchandise Export from India Scheme
6.2 Servic6.2 NTP 2015 – Service Exports from India Schemee Exports from India Scheme
6.3 NTP 2015 – Incentives for SEZs
6.4 NTP 2015 – Encouragement to Status Holders
7. Focus Product and Focus Market Schemes
7.2 Focus Market Scheme
8. Advance Authorisation Scheme and SHIS
9. Duty Credit Scrip
10. Duty Draw Back Scheme
11. Trends in India’s Foreign Trade
12. Special Economic Zones (SEZs)
13. The SEZ Act 2005
14. India’s integration with the global economy
15. US’s complaint against India’s export subsidies at WTO
16. Foreign Trade Policy Review for Foreign Trade Policy 2015-20
17. India-US trade issues in the Trump era
India's Foreign Trade 2017
1. India’s External Trade 2017-18
2. The changing direction and composition of India
3. Composition of trade
3.1 Composition of Exports
3.2 Manufacturing exports from India
3.3 Composition of imports
3.4 3.4 E. Crude price impact
4. Direction of India’s foreign trade
4.1. Direction of exports and imports
4.2 South – South Trade
4.3 India – China Trade
5. Importance of invisibele or service exports for India
6. Improvement in external sector after economic reforms
7. India- trade deficit and surplus with trade partners
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
1. The International Monetary Fund
2. Establishment of the IMF
3. Objectives of the IMF
4. Quota and membership in the IMF
5. Multiple purposes of the Quotas
6. IMF’s Functions
6.1 Surveillance
6.2 Providing financial assistance to member countries
6.2. 1.The IMF Style – Mixing lendging with adjustment
6.2.2 What was exceptional about the IMF’s lending to save the Euro zone?
6.2. 3. Concessional and non-concessional lending
6.2.4. The Low Income and Developing Countries classification
6.2.5. Non-concessional assistance
6.2.6. Concessional loans
6.3. SDR -Generation of Supplementary resources
6.4 Technical Assistance and Generation of Economic and Financial Data
7. IMF after the fall of the Bretton Woods system
7.1. Why the IMF role declined post BWS
8. Financial Resources for the IMF
8.1 New Arrangements to Borrow and BBA
8.2 Gold holdings of the IMF
9. India and the IMF
9.1 How the IMF helped India to tide over the balance of payment crisis of 1991
9.2 India and IMF Governance Reforms
10. Governance of the IMF
11. Governance reforms at the IMF
11.1 The Fourteenth Quota Review of the IMF
12. The IMF during and after the global financial crisis
12.1 Post crisis world economy and the IMF
12.2 IMF’s anchor rome in a turbulant and interconnected world economy
World Trade Organisation -1
1. Why trade is important
1.1. Establishment of GATT
1.2. Uruguay Round
1.3. GATT to WTO
2. Organization structure of the WTO
3. Principles of the WTO
3.1. MFN
3.2. National Treatment
4. Classification of countries under WTO
4.1. Transitional period for developing countries and Least Developed Countries
5. Agreements under WTO
6. Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs)
7. TRIPs and Indian Response
8. TRIPs and India’s patent regime
9. Chief difference between TRIPs and the 1970 Patent Act
10. Patent amendments in India to make it TRIPs combatable
10.1. The 2002 Patent Amendment Act
10.2. Patent Amendment Act 2005
World Trade Organisation -2
1. Trade Related Investment Measures
2. General Agreement on Trade in Services
3. Developing countries and GATS
4. India’s interest in opening up of service trade
5. WTO and tariff reduction
6. NAMA
7. New protectionist measures at the disposal of the WTO members
8. Non-implementation
9. New Issues
10. India’s trade strategy at WTO
11. Advantages of WTO as a trade facilitating institution
12. Drawbacks of WTO
13. Emerging Divergence among the WTO members
WTO - Agreement on Agriculture
1. Agreement on Agriculture
2. Three clauses of AoA
3. Agriculture trade and non
4. Market access
5. Domestic support
5.1. Trade distorting domestic supports
5.2 Green Box
5.3 Different types of Green Box support measures
5.4 Food security under the Green Box
5.5 Types of green box subsidies given by the developed countries
5.6 Green Box under Doha Round
5.7 Developing countries and domestic support
6. Blue Box
7. AMS
7.1 Total AMS
8. Special and Differential Treatment Box
9. De Minimis Box
10. Profile of India’s domestic support
11. Export Subsidy
12. FSP and WTO incompatibility
13. AoA and Indian Agriculture
14. India’s Agricultural Trade Strategy
15. What is Special Safeguard Mechanism under WTO
16. Key Indian demands on farm sector trade liberalization
17. Dispute Settlement on AoA matters
Regional Trade Blocs
1. RTBs – Nature and Significance
2. WTO’s treatment of RTBs
2.1 Nairobi MC on RTBs
3. Different degrees of economic integration
4. Benefits of Economic Integration
5. Regionalism versus Multilateralism
6 . Mega Trade Blocs and the Marginalization of WTO
7. India and FTAs
7.1 Advantages that India can derive through the formation of Free Trade Agreements
7.2 Caution to be taken while pursuing for FTAs
7.3 India and FTAs – a cost -benefit analysis
8. RCEP – Objectives and Significance
8.1. RCEP and the ASEAN centrality
8.2 Progress and Challenges of RCEP
8.3 India and RCEP – Challenges for India
8.4 India’s stand at RCEP Negotiations
9. India – ASEAN FTA
9.1 India and ASEAN Services FTA
9.2 Importance of service trade liberalization under the India
10. Services under India’s FTAs – Why ilow returns
10.1 Trade in Services Agreement
11. India Singapore Economic relationship
12. India’s free trade engagements
Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements
1. Taxation in a globalised economy
2. Relief against Double Taxation in India
3. Why DTAAs
4. Why DTAAs are bilateral
5. Classification of DTAAs
6. Advantages of DTAAs
7. DTAAs and taxation rights sharing
8. Model Conventions for DTAAs
9. Residential status and taxability in India
10. Tax treatment of global income in India
11. Residential status and taxability of an individual
12. Residential status and taxability of a company in India
13. What is a Permanent Establishment
14. POEM – Criteria for residential status of a company
15. Double Taxation Avoidance Treaties by India
16. Treaty versus domestic laws
17. Abuse of Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements
17. 1. Transfer pricing manipulations
17.1.1. Transfer pricing Arms Length, APAs
17.2 Treaty shopping
17.2.1 Tax Residency Certificates
17.3 Round Tripping
17.4 Misuse of DTAA in Tax havens
18. Important DTAAs- India Mauritius DTAA
18.1 Recent amendments to the DTAAs
19. India and Singapore DTAA amendment
20. India Cyprus DTAA
21. DTAAs black money and tax avoidance problems for India
22. Measure taken by the government to curb treaty shopping
22.1 The BEPS Project
22.2 Anti-BEPS steps by India
23. Taxability of Indirect transfer of an asset in India from one foreign company to the another one
24. Retrospective taxation issue – The issue of retrospective amendment to the Income Tax Act
25. Tax mitigation, planning
Bilateral Investment Treaties
1. Investor Protection Agreements
2. Bilateral Investment Treaties
3. Bilateral Investment Treaties by India
4. Basic concepts about BITs
5. Features of India’s BITs
6. Recent issues related with global investment and India
7. The Model BIT 2015
8. Features of the new Model BIT
9. Status of the existing BITs and response from partner countries to Model BIT
10. Srikrishna Committee on International Commercial Arbitration on BITs
Industrial Sector
1. Industrial Sector in India
2. Industrial sector – structural changes
3. Industrial Sector and Development Strategy for India
4. Industrial development is a necessity for a middle income economy like India
5. Premature deindustrialization- Messages for India
6. Industrialization and structural change scenario in India
6.1 Industrialization in the 21st centuryand challenges for India
7. Manufacturing sector
7.1 Manufacturing sector and structural change in India
7.2 Manufacturing sector and trade potential
7.3 The Manufacturing Sector and development strategy of India
7.4 National Manufacturing Policy
7.4 1 Manufacturing Policy – needed policy actions
7. 42 National Investment and Manufacturing Zones
7.5 Make in India
8. Industrial sector infrastructure
8.1 Industrial Corridor Projects
8.2 Dedicated Freight Corridors
9. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code – Basics
9.1 Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 -Features
9.2 Working of the IBC
10. Capital goods policy (draft) and electronics policy
11. Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme
12. Defence Offset Policy
13. Ease of Doing Business Initiatives in India
14.Fourth Industrial Revolution
15. Global value chain and the slicing up of global value chain
16. New Industrial Policy 1991
MSMEs
1. MSMEs – Classification
2. Importance of MSMEs in India
3. Distinguishable features of MSMEs
4. Challenges for the MSME Sector
5. MSME Policies
6. Measures to support the MSMEs
6.1 Creation of the Ministry of MSMEs and the MSME Act
6.2 Small Industries Development Bank of India
6.2.1. Major SIDBI Initiatives – SMILE, ASPIRE, IAF
6.3 MUDRA
Economic Reforms
1. Economic Reforms
2. The genesis of balance of payment crisis
3. Management of the BoP crisis
4. The event of gold pledge at Bank of England
5. The connection between the World Bank and IMF loans and the economic reforms
6. Launch of NIP
7. New industrial policy of 1991
8. New Economic Reforms
9. Rational for New Economic Reforms
10. Liberalization
11. Public Sector Policy under the New Industrial Policy
11.1 Privatisation in India
11.2 Disinvestment Policy – the disinvestment programme
11.3 Strategic Disinvestment
11.4 National Investment Fund
Intellectual Property Rights
1. Intellectual Property Regime and Development Policy in India
2. Invention as the invisible force in economy building
3. Global IPR scenario
4. What is intellectual property
5. Creative destruction and disruptive innovations
6. TRIPs and the emergence of a global IPRs regime
7. TRIPs and Idia’s Intellectual Property Right regime
8. IPRs regime and Development priorities for India
9. Meaning and importance of Patents
10. The Indian Patent Regime
10.1. Difference brought by the various amendments in India
10.2 Patent Amendment Acts – 2002 and 2005
10.3 Safeguard provided under the Patent Amendment Act 2005
10.4 Section 3 d and evergreening
10.5 The Novartis Glivec Patent Issue
10.6 Compulsory Licensing
10.7 Nexavar – the first Compulsory License
10.8 Protection of traditional knowledge
10.9 Traditional Knowledge Digital Library
10.10 Pre-grant and Post-grant opposiiton to patent
10.11 India’s pharmaceutical industry in the post TRIPs regime
10.12 Rising number of Brownfield FDI
11. Copy Right Act
12. Geographical Indications Act 1999
13. Trade Mark Act 1999
14. Trade secret in India
15. Intellectual Property Policy of India
16. Intellectual Property Rights in Biotechnology
16.1 Biotechnology patenting in India
16.2 The Budapest treaty
16.3 Protection of Plant varieties in India
16.4 Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmer’s Right Act
16.5 The PPV Authority and Registration
16.6 Exemptions provided under the PPV
Nuts – India as the pharmacy of the developing world
Nuts – Evergreening – A Case Study of Viagra’s Avatar
Nuts – India as a medical tourism destination –says Chinese Media
Nuts- Are Human Gene Patentable
Agriculture Sector
1. Agricultural Sector – the development role
1. Operation Flood
2. Transformation of India’s agricultural sector
3. Performance of the sector
3.1 First phase 1951
3.2 Second and Third Phases
4. Agricultural Produciton trends
5. Productivity trends
5.1. Agricultural production strategy
6. Cropping Pattern in India
7. Declining land holding size
8. Agricultural reforms introduced in India
9. What is green revolution
9.1 Effects of green revolution
9.2 Second green revolution
9.3 Green Revolution in Eastern Region
9.4 Need for land consolidation
10. Depletion and Degradation of Land Resources
11. Poor agricultural productivity in India
12. Investment in Agriculture and Agricultural inputs scenario
12.1 Irrigation
12.11 Need for water use efficiency – more crop per drop
12.12 Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
12.2 Seed
12.3. Fertilizer – Nutrient Based Subsidy Scheme
12.4 Agricultural Credit
13. Agricultural price policy in India
13.1 Multiple role and functions of agricultural price policy in India
13.2 Instruments of agricultural price policy
13.3 Minimum Support Price
13.31 Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices
13.4 Role of Buffer stocks
13.5 PDS and the Issue Price
13.6 Food Subsidy
14. Agricultural Insurance
14.1 Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
15. Agricultural Subsidies
16. Agricultural Marketing
16.1 Agricultural marketing under regulated markets
16.2 Agricultural Produce Market Committees
16.3 Agricultural marketing reforms – Modification of the APMC Act
16.4 Problems of the modified APMC Act
16.5 National Agricultural Market
17. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
18. Agricultural Extension – Krishi Vighyan Kendras
Poverty
1. What is poverty
2. 1. Poverty – various dimensions
2. 2. Absolute poverty and relative poverty
2. 3. Sen Capability approach and poverty
2. 4. What is poverty line? How poverty line is constructed in India?
2. 5. What is poverty gap
2. 6. World Bank International Poverty Line
3. Where the worlds poor live
4. What are the methodological difficulties in the measurement of poverty
5.1. The Working Group of 1962
5.2. YK Alagh Task Force of 1979
5.3. Expert Group 1993
5.4. Expert Group Tendulkar
5.5. Methodology used by the Rangarajan Expert Group
6. Magnitude of poverty in India
7. Evaluating poverty scenario in India – beyond consumption poverty
8. Sen and Dereze
9. Poverty eradication measures in India
Infrastructure-Energy and Development Policy
1. Infrastructure in the overall development strategy
2. Energy
3. Energy Needs of India’s growing economy
4. India at the centre of world energy stage
5. Energy management
6. Energy management and the use of right energy mix
7. Trends in energy production and consumption for different sources of energy
8. India’s Energy Mix – Primary energy and electricity
9. Energy accessibility for households
9.1 Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana and Deen Dayal Gram Jyoti Yojana
10. Energy Security
Infrastructure-Hydrocarbon Sector
1. Coal and Lignite
1.1 Coal reserves, production and consumption
1.2 Coal Mines Special Provisions Act 2015
1.3 Coal linkage policy
2. Crude oil
3. Natural gas
4. Nonconventional Gas Sources – Shale Gas and CBM
5. Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy
6. Hydrocarbons Vision – 2025
7. Indian companies acquiring energy assets overseas
Infrastructure-Power Sector
1. Power Sector scenario
2. Enhancement in capacity addition
3. Electricity consumption and accessibility
4. Achievements in the power sector
5. Electricity generation mix using different sources
6. Main challenges in the electricity sector
7. Energy Security and import dependence
8. Power transmission – National Power Grid
9. Power distribution – losses of DISCOMs
9.1 UDAY
10. Ultra Mega Power Projects
Infrastructure-Renewable Energy
1. Renewable energy – the emerging scenario
2. Renewable energy strategy
3. Renewable energy manufacturing
4. How far renewables can solve India’s energy problems
5. Solar Energy- Prospects
5.1. National Solar Energy Mission
5.2. Solar park project
5.3 Grid Connectivity
5.4 Green Corridor Project
6. Wind energy and Hydro electricity
7. Nuclear energy
8. Clean Energy
Infrastructure-Railways and aviation
1. Railways as the national transporter – size and role
2. Problems of Railways -1
2.1 Problems of Railways – 2
3. Role of the Freight segment
4. Capital Expenditure- the source and pattern
5. Railways Plan for Inrastructure Financing
6. Dedicated Freight Corridors and other major infrastructure projects
7. Infrastrcuture financing options for Railway
8. FDI Policy in Railways
9. PPP in Railways – Participative Policy of Investment in Infrastructure
9.1 Major PPP Projects
10. What is the New Metro Rail Policy
11. Rail safety
12. Recommendations of the Bibek Debroy Committee
13. Railway as a socially desirable project
14. Budgetary allocation 2018 for Railways
Infrastructure Road Sector
1. Transport Sector
2. Road Sector in India
3. National Highway Development Project
4. Progress and achievement of NHDP
4.1 Financing of NHDP
5. Setu Bharatam and LEEP
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